The Early Days
The first “outside” inhabitants of California were a 1772 Spanish expedition led by Franciscan Father Juan Crespi, who thought the San Ramon Valley was a suitable place for a Mission. Mission San Jose was built close to Santa Clara County in lieu of the San Ramon Valley because of the hostile Native Americans living in the San Ramon Valley. 1, 8
Mission San Jose was founded June 11, 1797, by Father Fermin de Lasuen and was number 14 of 21 California missions. It was named “La Mision del Gloriosisimo Patriarch San Jose”, in honor of St. Joseph.10 The next closest mission geographically was Mission Santa Clara, built in 1777.
Mission San Jose
Nestled at the base of Fremont’s rolling hills is Mission San Jose. Founded on June 11, 1797, the Mission comprised land reaching far and wide from the south boundary of now Alameda County, to the Sacramento River at the north, and from San Francisco Bay to a summit of the Coast Range. The entire San Ramon Valley was granted to Mission San Jose. 2
During a recent tour of the Mission, we learned that Jose Maria Amador’s father supervised the building of the original Mission. Later you will see the large role Jose Amador played in the development of the San Ramon Valley.
The site had many natural resources. Under dedicated padres’ direction, Mission San Jose thrived. It became the most resourceful, prosperous and successful Mission in Northern California. It maintained vast herds of cattle, horses, mules and sheep, and it furnished much of the food for other Missions as well as government entities. Many foreigners came to visit and trade for Mission products, and it became a stopover for many settlers after their treacherous trek over the Sierra Nevada Mountains.
The adobe museum building is a surviving remnant of the huge original rectangular of living quarters, shops and storerooms. In 1984, a replica of the 1809 adobe church was completed; the original was destroyed by an earthquake in 1868. 3, 9 St. Joseph church replaced the Mission church in 1868. It remained in place until the Mission was restored and the adobe replica of the original church was built. When St. Joseph Church was moved, the long lost grave site of Robert Livermore another prominent local name was found. If you visit Mission San Jose church, the grave stone is still the floor.
The city of Fremont was formed by the merger of five small communities – Centerville, Niles, Irvington, Mission San Jose, and Warm Springs. Now, only one half of one percent of the population living in Fremont is Native American. In 1800 of course most of the local residents were Ohlone Indians. When you visit, or drive by Mission San Jose, it is a reminder of our Spanish heritage and a memorial to the thousands of Native Americans who lived, worked, and died there. The Mission was the home of the first Alameda County Christian church, and school; industry, farming, and cattle raising began around the Mission also.
Ranchos San Ramon
Two San Ramon Valley ranchos were granted to former Presidio soldiers when Alta, California, was in the rule of Mexico. Don Jose Maria Amador was formerly the Major Domo (Administrator) at Sonoma Mission and was at Mission San Jose in the same capacity. A huge rancho (Ranchos San Ramon) was granted to him – north to south from what is now Crow Canyon Road to the border of Dublin, and east to west between the two ranges of hills – over five square leagues of land, approximately 20,000 acres. On his land at Ranchos San Ramon, Amador grazed 24,000 cattle, sheep and pigs. He built the first adobe houses at Ranchos San Ramon and farmed the land. 4
In 1826, Amador and his wife Dolores Pacheco moved to their granted land area. Shops were built by the Native Americans to produce cloth, shoes, soap, saddles, furniture, farm tools, and harnesses. His vineyard held 1500 vines and 50 trees in the orchard (1832). In 1837, Amador and Robert Livermore planted crops in what is now known as Sunol.
Jose Maria Amador
Jose Maria Amador, a Spanish-American, was born at the Presidio in San Francisco in 1794. As mentioned earlier his father was prominent in the area and was stationed at the Presdido when Jose Amador was born. Don Amador had three wives and was the father of 22 children. 7
Soon after the Gold Rush, in 1848, Amador went to the mountains (now Amador County) and brought back 114 pounds of gold within a period of two weeks (near what is now known as the city of Amador).
As Gold Rush settlers moved into this area and squatted on Amador’s land, he began to sell off his land in the San Ramon Valley. 9 The Leo Norris family made the first legal purchase with clear title to a league of land (the NW corner) from Jose Maria Amador in 1851.2, 7 Amador began to sell his land in 1852 to Samuel Russell, Jeremiah Fallon, Michael Murray, James Witt Dougherty (10,000 acres), and William Glaskins. Amador sold his parcels at a low price and thus became in debt.
Penniless, he lived with a daughter in Watsonville until his death in 1883 -- in poverty -- at the age of 89. He was buried in Gilroy. Ninety-three years later in 1976, the simple wooden cross on his grave was substituted with a granite headstone.
Amador’s fascinating memories were captured by Hubert H. Bancroft and stored at UC Berkeley in 1877.9 These memoirs were taken by Thomas Savage and translated into English by Gregorio Mora-Torres in California Voices: The oral memoirs of Jose Maria Amador and Lorenzo Asisara.
His name is perpetuated by Amador Valley Boulevard in Dublin, Amador High School and Amador Theater in Pleasanton, Amador High School District, Amador City, Amador County, and Amador Valley. 5 Dublin was called “Amador” for many years. 7
Appeared in The Sentinel, Newsletter of the San Ramon Historic Foundation, Fall 2009
- In the Shadow of the Mountain, Highlights from the Museum of the San Ramon Valley, by Beverly Lane, 2000.
- Corridor Country, Vol. I, Stuart.
- City of Fremont, 2001.
- Historical Persons and Places in the San Ramon Valley by Virgie V. Jones, 1977.
- Census, 2000
- Dublin Reflections, Virginia Smith Bennett, 1978, 1991.
- Wikipedia, 2009.
- Amador’s Recollections, The Bancroft Library, 1877.
- Presenting the Past, by Beverly Lane, Danville Weekly
- Historic Mission San Jose website, 2009.